• A Freedom Rider bus went up in flames in May 1961 when a fire bomb was tossed through a window near Anniston, Ala. The bus, which was testing bus station segregation in the south, had stopped because of a flat tire. Passengers escaped without serious injury.(AP Photo)
  • Reverend C.T. Vivian
  • Thomas Putnam
  • NSM_HDOS_Rev_Joseph_Lowery3_STILL
  • Rep Johnnie Turner
  • An African-American student raises his hand in an integrated classroom at Louisville Elementary School in Louisville, Ky., Sept. 11, 1957. (AP Photo)

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A Freedom Rider bus went up in flames in May 1961 when a fire bomb was tossed through a window near Anniston, Ala. The bus, which was testing bus station segregation in the south, had stopped because of a flat tire. Passengers escaped without serious injury.(AP Photo)

The Freedom Rides of 1961

Civil Rights History, The Movement
The Movement
In May 1961 - CORE began one of the most important protests of the Civil Rights era - the Freedom Rides of 1961.
Reverend C.T. Vivian

Reverend C.T. Vivian on The Method of the Civil Rights Movment

The Movement
The Movement
"We didn't have a method. Non-violent direct action under Martin King became the method—THAT was the movement."
Thomas Putnam

Thomas Putnam on Civil Rights and the Kennedy Administration

The Movement
The Movement
"Our country is founded on the notion that all men are created equal… and that we should treat one another as we wish to be treated."
NSM_HDOS_Rev_Joseph_Lowery3_STILL

Rev. Dr. Joseph Lowery on Rosa Parks and Bus Desegregation

The Movement
The Movement
"When the bus boycotts started, and it was a new thing for us, that black folks had taken initiative to determine our future…"
Rep Johnnie Turner

TN Rep. Johnnie Turner on Integration of Buses in Memphis

The Movement
The Movement
"I knew if I said one word, if I made any attack, any attempt to fight back, I'd be one dead black girl."
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The Supreme Court and Civil Rights

Civil Rights History
The Legacy
Which cases had an impact on the movement?
An African-American student raises his hand in an integrated classroom at Louisville Elementary School in Louisville, Ky., Sept. 11, 1957. (AP Photo)

Racial Segregation of Public Schools Declared Unconstitutional

Civil Rights History
The Movement
On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a decision in Brown v. Board of Education.
haroldepps1

Harold Epps on Integrating Asheville, NC Schools in 1962

The Movement
The Movement
"My father, who was a lawyer, filed a suit with Thurgood Marshall to integrate the UNC Law School in 1949, and as a result in 1962 he decided his children would integrate the school system of Ashville, NC."
LaVerne Bell-Tolliver

LaVerne Bell-Tolliver on Integrating Forest Heights Jr. High School in Little Rock

The Movement
The Movement
On the first day of school, "One young girl said 'Hi' to me ... Ironically, the young lady never said another word to me until our 40th class reunion." 
janis2

Janis Kearney on Education and Attending the “White School”

The Movement
The Movement
"I ended up three doors down from the President of the United States, and I started out a sharecropper's daughter."